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IJCHNV1N1A09

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IJCHNV1N1A09

Rejection of Known and Previously Accepted Foods During Early Childhood: An Extension of the Neophobic Response?- Pages72-81

Steven D. Brown1 and Gillian Harris2

1Department of Psychology, University of Derby, Kedleston Rd, DE22 1GB, UK; 2School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, B15 2TT, UK

http://dx.doi.org/10.6000/1929-4247.2012.01.01.09

 

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    Abstract: Children begin to reject new foods (food neophobia) at around 18 to 30 months. At this time parents also report the rejection of known and previously accepted foods. The studies presented here are the first to examine this rejection of previouslyaccepted foods in isolation and presents a number of significant findings. Using a parental questionnaire, it was found that the rejection of known and previously accepted food begins towards the end of infancy, commonly occurs during nursery age, reduces in frequency after 30 months and most often involves the rejection of vegetables, mixed foods and fruit.

    It is hypothesised that some known and previously accepted foods are rejected due to an extension of the neophobic response. When neophobia begins, infants become hyper-vigilant to the visual perceptual features of food in order to recognise the food given. Foods not matching learnt expectations, due to perceptual changes between servings, may be categorised as ‘new’ or ‘different’ and rejected in a neophobic response. A second study offers some support for this hypothesis, showing that those children who are reported as having rejected a known and previously accepted food score higher on neophobia and ‘picky’ eating scales. Implications are discussed.

    Keywords: Food neophobia, picky/fussy eating, categorisation of food, questionnaire, infant’s eating.

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