Giesekus Constitutive Model for Thermoviscoelastic Fluids based on Ordered Rate Constitutive Theories
This paper presents derivation of Giesekus constitutive model in Eulerian description based on ordered rate constitutive theories for thermoviscoelastic fluids for compressible and incompressible cases in contra-, co-variant and Jaumann bases. The ordered rate constitutive theories for thermoviscoelastic fluids of orders (m, n) consider convected time derivative of order m of the deviatoric Cauchy stress tensor in a chosen basis (i.e. co-, contra-variant or Jaumann) as dependent variable in the development of constitutive theories for the stress tensor. Its argument tensors consist of density, temperature, convected time derivatives of the deviatoric Cauchy stress tensor of up to order m-1 and convected time derivative of up to order n of the conjugate strain tensor. In addition, constitutive theory for the heat vector compatible with the constitutive theory for the deviatoric stress tensor is also presented in co-, contra-variant and Jaumann bases. It is shown that the Giesekus constitutive model is a subset of the rate constitutive theory of orders m = n = 1. It is also shown that the deviatoric Cauchy stress tensor (contra-, co-variant or Jaumann basis) naturally results as dependent variable in the constitutive theory, and that currently used Giesekus constitutive model in deviatoric polymer Cauchy stress tensor is not derivable based on axioms and principles of the constitutive theory in continuum mechanics. Numerical studies are presented for fully developed flow between parallel plates for a dense polymeric liquid using the Giesekus constitutive model derived in this paper as well as currently used model.
Contravariant, covariant, Jaumann, upper convective, lower convective, least squares
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