Contribution of Volatile Interactions During Co-Gasification of Biomass with Coal

Joseph H. Kihedu, Ryo Yoshiie, Yoko Nunome, Yasuaki Ueki, Ichiro Naruse

Abstract


Abstract: Thermo-gravimetric behavior during steam co-gasification of Japanese cedar and coal was investigated. The difference between co-gasification behavior and the average gasification behavior of cedar and coal indicates two synergetic peaks. The first peak occurred between 300 °C and 550 °C while the second peak was observed above 800 °C. The first peak coincides with volatile release and therefore associated with volatile interactions while the second peak is linked with catalytic effect of alkali and alkaline earth metal (AAEM). Acid washed cellulose and Na rich lignin chemicals were used as artificial biomass components. In reference to Japanese cedar, mixture of cellulose and lignin i.e. simulated biomass, was also investigated. Co-gasification of cellulose with coal and co-gasification of lignin with coal, demonstrates contribution of volatile interactions and AAEM catalysis respectively. Morphology of partially gasified blends, shows hastened pore development and physical cracking on coal particles. Brunauer−Emmett−Teller (BET) surface area of the charred blend was lower than the average surface area for charred biomass and coal.

Keywords


Co-gasification, synergy, biomass, cellulose, lignin

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ISSN: 1929-6002