Thermodynamic Modeling of the Rheological Behavior of PEG Aqueous Solutions as a Function of the Solute Molecular Weight and Shear Stress, at 298.15 K and 0.1 MPa

Authors

  • Raphael da C. Cruz Fluminense Federal University
  • Márcio J.E. de M. Cardoso Federal University of Rio de Janeiro
  • Oswaldo E. Barcia Federal University of Rio de Janeiro

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.6000/1929-5030.2013.02.01.1

Keywords:

Viscosity, rheology, thermodynamics, modeling, polymer solutions, polyethylene glycol

Abstract

This work presents a study of the influence of the molecular weight on the thermodynamic modeling of the viscosity of non-newtonian polymer solutions. The employed model is based on the absolute rate theory of Eyring and on the solution theory of McMillan-Mayer. The Soave-Redlich-Kwong equation of state was adopted for the calculation of the excess molar McMillan-Mayer free energy derived from the osmotic pressure of the solution. The model presents parameters that take account separately the different possibilities of interaction in the macromolecular environment. As the tertiary structure of a polymer molecule can be affected by applied shear stress, only the parameters related with the intramolecular interactions are dependent of the shear stress. The experimental rheological curves for different molecular weights of polyethylene glycol aqueous solutions have been measured at several concentrations, within the whole polymer solubility range, at 298.15 K and 0.1 MPa. The dependence on the molecular weight for all parameters of the model was analyzed and characterized. The dependence of the shear sensitive parameters on the shear stress was also studied.

Author Biographies

Raphael da C. Cruz, Fluminense Federal University

Department of Physical Chemistry, Institute of Chemistry

Márcio J.E. de M. Cardoso, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro

Department of Physical Chemistry,
Institute of Chemistry

Oswaldo E. Barcia, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro

Department of Physical Chemistry,
Institute of Chemistry

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Published

2013-03-01

Issue

Section

General Articles