Feeding Sensitivity at 3-Months Predicts Parental Feeding Style at 3-Years

Authors

  • John Worobey Department of Nutritional Sciences, School of Environmental and Biological Sciences, Rutgers – The State University of New Jersey, 26 Nichol Avenue, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.6000/1929-4247.2018.07.04.5

Keywords:

Feeding style, parenting style, responsive feeding, authoritative parenting, BMI.

Abstract

bjective: To examine the association between maternal responsive feeding in infancy and later parental feeding style in childhood, with a secondary aim of linking parenting style to child weight status

Design: Short-term, longitudinal study

Subjects: 65 mother-infant pairs, followed from 3-months to 3-years

Methods: Mother-child dyads were seen at enrollment, observed at home when the infant was 3-months-old, and at home again when the infant turned 2-years of age. When the child reached 3-years, mothers self-reported their feeding style.

Results: Responsive maternal feeding at 3-months predicted an authoritative feeding style at 3-years, and the authoritative feeding style was associated with a healthier weight status.

Conclusion: Responsive feeding in infancy may serve as the foundation for responsive feeding in childhood and may serve to help in reducing obesity risk

References

[1] Skinner AC, Perrin EM, Skelton JA. Prevalence of obesity and severe obesity in US children, 1999-2014. Obesity 2016; 24: 1116-1123.
https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.21497
[2] Ebbeling CB, Pawlak DB, Ludwig DS. Childhood obesity: public-health crisis, common sense cure. The Lancet 2002; 360: 473-482.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(02)09678-2
[3] Worobey J. Risk factors for obesity in human infancy. In Davies D, Fitzgerald H, editors. Obesity in America: Childhood to adolescence. Westport, CT: Praeger Press 2018; in press.
[4] Silventoinen K, Rokholm B, Kaprio J, Sorensen, TI. The genetic and environmental influences on childhood obesity. A systematic review of twin and adoption studies. Intl J Obesity 2010; 34: 29-40.
https://doi.org/10.1038/ijo.2009.177

[5] Baughcum AE, Powers SW, Johnson SB, Chamberlin LA, Deeks CM, Jain A, Whitaker RC. Maternal feeding practices and beliefs and their relationships to overweight in early childhood. J Dev & Beh Peds 2007; 22: 391-408.
https://doi.org/10.1097/00004703-200112000-00007
[6] Birch LL, Fisher JO, Grimm-Thomas K, Markey CN, Sawyer R, Johnson SL. Confirmatory factor analysis of the Child Feeding Questionnaire: a measure of parental attitudes, beliefs and practices about child feeding and obesity proneness. Appetite 2001; 36: 201-210.
https://doi.org/10.1006/appe.2001.0398
[7] Faith MS, Storey M, Kral TVE, Pietrobelli A. The Feeding Demands Questionnaire: Assessment of parental demand cognitions concerning parent?child feeding relations. J Am Diet Assoc 2008; 108: 624-630.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jada.2008.01.007
[8] Hughes SO, Power TG, Fisher JO, Mueller S, Nicklas TA. Revisiting a neglected construct: parenting styles in a child-feeding context. Appetite 2005; 44; 83-92.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2004.08.007
[9] Musher-Eizenman D, Holub S. Comprehensive Feeding Practices Questionnaire: Validation of a new measure of parental feeding practices. J Ped Psychol 2007; 32: 960-972.
https://doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsm037
[10] Faith MS, Scanlon KS, Birch LL, Francis LA, Sherry, B. Parent?child feeding strategies and their relationships to child eating and weight status. Obesity 2004; 12: 1711-1722.
https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2004.212
[11] Vollmer RL, Mobley AR. Parenting styles, feeding styles, and their influence on child obesogenic behaviors and body weight. A review. Appetite 2013; 71: 232-241.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2013.08.015
[12] Hubbs-Tait L, Kennedy TS, Page MC, Topham GL, Harrist AW. Parental feeding practices predict authoritative, authoritarian, and permissive parenting styles. J Am Diet Assoc 2008; 108: 1154-1161.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jada.2008.04.008
[13] Darling N, Steinberg L. Parenting style as context: An integrative model. Psych Bulletin 1993; 113: 487-496.
https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.113.3.487
[14] Maccoby EE, Martin JA. Socialization in the context of the family. In Mussen PH, series editor, Hetherington EM, volume editor. Handbook of child psychology (vol. 4): Socialization, personality, and social development. 4th ed. New York: Wiley 1983; pp. 1-101.
[15] Baumrind D. Effects of authoritative parental control on child behavior. Child Dev 1966; 37: 887-907.
https://doi.org/10.2307/1126611
[16] Black MM, Aboud FE. Responsive feeding is embedded in a theoretical framework of responsive parenting. J Nutr 2011; 141: 490-494.
https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.110.129973
[17] Hurley KM, Cross MB, Hughes SO. A systematic review of responsive feeding and child obesity in high-income countries. J Nutr 2011; 141: 495-501.
https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.110.130047
[18] Thompson AL, Mendez MA, Borja JB, Adair LS, Zimmer CR, Bentley ME. Development and validation of the Infant Feeding Style Questionnaire. Appetite 2009; 53: 210-221.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2009.06.010
[19] Worobey J. Observational scales of mother-infant feeding: A catalog and review. In Worobey J, editor. Infant feeding: Parental perceptions, behaviors, and health effects. New York: Nova Biomedical 2016; pp. 197-213.
[20] Women, Infants, and Children. United States Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service 2018. [cited 2018 Aug 28] Available from: https://www.fns.usda.gov/wic/ women-infants-and-children-wic

[21] Sumner G, Spietz A. NCAST Caregiver/Parent Interaction Feeding Manual. Seattle: NCAST Publications 1995.
[22] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. BMI percentile calculator for child and teen 2018. [cited 2018 Aug 28] Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/healthyweight/bmi/ calculator.html
[23] Olvera N, Power TG. Parenting styles and obesity in Mexican American children: A longitudinal study. J Ped Psych 2010; 35: 243-249.
https://doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsp071
[24] Rhee KE, Lumeng JC, Appugliese DP, Kaciroti N, Bradley RH. Parenting styles and overweight status in first grade. Pediatrics 2006; 117: 2047-2054.
https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2005-2259
[25] Wake M, Nicholson JM, Hardy P, Smith K. Preschooler obesity and parenting styles of mothers and fathers. Australian national population study. Pediatrics 2007; 120: e1520-e1527.
https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2006-3707
[26] Fuemmeler BF, Yang C, Costanzo P, Hoyle RH, Siegler IC, Williams RB, Ostbye T. Parenting styles and body mass index trajectories from adolescence to adulthood. Health Psych 2012; 31: 441-449.
https://doi.org/10.1037/a0027927
[27] Rodenburg G, Oenema A, Kremers SPJ, van de Mheen D. Parental and child fruit consumption in the context of general parenting, parental education and ethnic background. Appetite 2012; 58: 364-372.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2011.11.001
[28] Hennessy E, Hughes SO, Goldberg JP, Hyatt RR, Economos CD. Permissive parental feeding behavior is associated with an increase in intake of low-nutrient-dense foods among American children living in rural communities. J Academy Nutr Diet 2012; 112: 142-148.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jada.2011.08.030
[29] Dallaire DH, Weinraub M. The stability of parenting behaviors over the first 6 years of life. Early Childhood Res Quarterly 2005; 20: 201-219. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecresq.2005.04.008

Downloads

Published

2018-11-12

Issue

Section

General Articles