Drivers of Stunting Among 0-23 Months Old Filipino Children Included in the 2003 and 2011 National Nutrition Survey

Authors

  • Imelda Angeles-Agdeppa Department of Science and Technology - Food and Nutrition Research Institute, General Santos Avenue, Bicutan, Taguig City 1631
  • Patricia Isabel Gayya-Amita Department of Science and Technology - Food and Nutrition Research Institute, General Santos Avenue, Bicutan, Taguig City 1631
  • Mario V. Capanzana Department of Science and Technology - Food and Nutrition Research Institute, General Santos Avenue, Bicutan, Taguig City 1631

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.6000/1929-4247.2019.08.03.1

Keywords:

Stunting, persistent stunting, children, infants, middle childhood, Philippines.

Abstract

This study aims to evaluate household and individual level drivers of stunting among Filipino children aged 0-23 months in the 2003 National Nutrition Survey (NNS) and identified which factors pushed these same children to or out of stunting in middle childhood (8-9 years old) in 2011 Updating National Nutrition Survey (UNNS). All children aged 0-23 months in 2003 NNS were tracked if they're still in 2011 UNNS by matching identifiers: region, province, municipality/city, name, and birthdate. There are 290 children included in both surveys. Children were categorized as: stunted in 2003 but not in 2011 (catch-up); stunted in 2003 & 2011 (persistently stunted); stunted in 2011 but not in 2003 (stunted later). The prevalence of stunting increased from 17.2% in 2003 to 35.2% in 2011. About 22.1% became stunted later; persistently stunted (13.1%); catch-up (4.1%). The individual-level factors that contributed towards persistent stunting are older age onset of stunting, underweight, and a <2 years birth interval; while the household level factors are those with 5 dependents and a higher number of under-fives in family households usage water-sealed toilets availability electricity decrease odd persistent stunting later no significant were found on what moves child out living shanties huts pushed normal to="" be stunted 2011 this="" study reflects strong influence both individual these results could useful crafting area problem-specific interventions.

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Published

2019-08-31

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General Articles