A Review of the Relationship between Wine Consumption and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Authors

  • Creina S. Stockley The Australian Wine Research Institute

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.6000/1929-5634.2015.04.04.3

Keywords:

Wine, alcohol, resveratrol, diabetes phenolic compound, consumption

Abstract

The potential health benefits of moderate alcohol consumption are not limited to a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease but are also observed for type 2 diabetes mellitus. The relationship appears to be J-shaped where moderate alcohol consumption reduces the risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus in both men and women, irrespective of age, and in those with a low and a high body mass index. The optimal amount of wine appears to be approximately two drinks per day, where a standard drink in Australia is considered to be 10 g alcohol. Given that the incidence of diabetes is projected to approximately double in the next 15 years, simple dietary supplementation to a healthy diet and lifestyle to reduce the risk will become increasingly important. This paper reviews the association between wine specifically and type 2 diabetes mellitus, and discusses biological mechanisms related to the association.

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Published

2016-02-02

Issue

Section

Special Issue - The Role of Neutraceuticals in the Prevention & Treatment of Metabolic Syndrome