A Declaratory Model of Generalized Regression Neural Network (GRNN) for Estimating Sleep Apnea Index in the Elderly Suffering from Sleep Disturbance
Objective: The main objective of this paper is to present a novel model for classifying senior patients into different apnea/hypopnea index (AHI) categories based on their clinical variables.
Methods and Materials: The proposed model is a generalized regression neural network (GRNN). Three important variables were first selected from the original 30 clinical variables. The GRNN was trained using 75 patients that were randomly selected from the total117 patients. The remaining 42 patients were used for testing GRNN model. The design parameter of the network, i.e., the spread of the radial basis function, was empirically optimized. To alleviate the model complexity, the original AHI values were dichotomized into two different groups, i.e., AHI>13 and AHI<=13. The use of GRNN for this application appear fairly novel, notwithstanding that there is a host of literatures on predicting obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome from demographic or other easy means to assess clinical variables.
Results: The proposed model has sensitivity and specificity of 95.7% and 50.0%, respectively, for the training cases, while 88.0% and 52.9%, respectively, for the testing cases.Conclusion: The proposed neural network model has outperformed existing classification approaches in terms of classification accuracy and generalization, thus it can be potentially used in clinical applications, which would lead to a reduction of the necessity of in-laboratory nocturnal sleep studies.
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