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Author Guidelines

Accepted Manuscript File Formats

Please submit your paper in MS Word (.doc or .docx) file format according to the detailed Manuscript Preparation Guides given below. The number of pages is at the discretion of authors; on average papers are 4-12 pages long. When preparing your paper for publication, we strongly advise that you pay particular attention to your research methods, key results and language. To ensure rapid review and publication, please adhere to these guidelines.


Submissions must be original work, the copyright to which is not already owned elsewhere. Originality, creativity and a cross-disciplinary approach or perspectives are strongly encouraged. Significant duplication of papers and parallel submissions are not allowed and in such cases the publisher reserves the right to withdraw publishing rights from authors and co-authors of the paper for a substantial period of time. It is the authors' responsibility to check for possible copyright conflict with the copyright holder.


Given that the manuscript must be written in English, if English is not the mother tongue of the author we recommend that the paper should be proofread to ensure its accuracy and improve the language quality. The publisher can also provide copy editing service on payment.

Manuscript Preparation

General: Manuscripts must be typewritten, double spaced with wide margins on one side of white paper. Good quality printouts with font size of 12 pt are required. The corresponding author should be identified (Include a Fax number and E-mail address).Full postal addresses must be given for all co-authors. An electronic copy of the paper should accompany that final version. All standard word processing packages are supported. Including Word for Windows and Word Perfect. The Editors reserve the right to adjust style to certain standards for uniformity. Authors should retain a copy of their manuscript since we cannot accept responsibility for damage or loss of papers. Original manuscripts are discarded one month after publication unless the Publisher is asked to return original material after use.

Paper Length: The Editors generally encourage brevity for all Research Papers. Short Communications must not exceed 4 printed pages and will be given priority for rapid publication.

Abstracts: Abstracts should not exceed 250 words, and should not contain full reference

Keywords: 4-6 keywords must be included on a separate line below the main abstract and labeled ‘Keywords”. To optimize searching.
Avoids key words already used in the title.

Text: Follow this order when typing manuscripts: Title, Author, Affilations, Abstract, Keywords, Text, Acknowledgment, Appendix, References, (Vitae if required –see below) Figure Captions and the Tables. Do not import the Figures or Tables into your text. The corresponding author should be identified with an asterisk and footnote. All other footnotes numerals. (except for table footnotes) should be identified with superscript Arabic numbers.

Units: SI unit’s .if other units are necessary, includes the conversion factor and add the non –standard unit in parenthesis.

Symbols: Define in text. Place extensive list of symbols in appendix.

Maths: Avoid double suffix. Punctuate carefully.

REFERENCES: References must be listed in the numerical system (Vancouver). All references should be numbered sequentially [in square brackets] in the text and listed in the same numerical order in the reference section. The reference numbers must be finalized and the bibliography must be fully formatted before submission.

Journal titles are abbreviated (to decipher abbreviations see: PubMed Journals Database <>)

*        Only first words of article title and words that normally begin with a capital letter are capitalised.

*        First 6 authors are listed; thereafter add an et al. after the sixth author.

*        If the journal has continuous page numbering, you may omit month/issue number

See below few examples of references listed in the correct Vancouver style:

[1]      Smith SD, Jones, AD. Organ donation. N Engl J Med. 2001; 657: 230-5.

[2]      Brown JG. Asphyxiation. Med J Aust. 2003; 432:120-4.

Typical Chapter Reference:

[3]      Blaxter PS, Farnsworth TP. Social health and class inequalities. In: Carter C, Peel JR, editors. Equalities and inequalities in health. 2nd ed. London: Academic Press. 1976: p. 165-78.

Book Reference:

[4]      Carlson BM. Human embryology and developmental biology. 3rd ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2004.

Edited Book:

[5]      Brown AM, Stubbs DW, Eds. Medical physiology. New York: Wiley 1983.

Conference Paper and Proceedings:

[6]    Anderson JC. Current status of chorion villus biopsy. In: Tudenhope D, Chenoweth J, editors. Proceedings of the 4th Congress of the Australian Perinatal Society; 1986: Brisbane, Queensland: Australian Perinatal Society; 1987: p. 190-6.

[7]   Harris AH, editor. Economics and health: 1997: Proceedings of the 19th Australian Conference of Health Economists; 1997: Sep 13-14; Sydney, Australia. Kensington, N.S.W.: School of Health Services Management, University of New South Wales; 1998.

Journal Article on the Internet:

[8]    Aylin P, Bottle A, Jarman B, Elliott, P. Paediatric cardiac surgical mortality in England after Bristol: descriptive analysis of hospital episode statistics 1991-2002. BMJ [serial on the Internet]. 2004 Oct 9;[cited 2004 October 15]; 329:[about 10 screens]. Available from:

Book/Monograph on the Internet:

[9]     Donaldson MS, editor. Measuring the quality of health care [monograph on the internet]. Washington: National Academy Press; 1999 [cited 2004 Oct 8]: Available from:

Web site/Homepage:

[10]    HeartCentreOnline [homepage on the Internet]. Boca Raton, FL: HeartCentreOnline, Inc.; c2000-2004 [updated 2004 May 23; cited 2004 Oct 15]: Available from:

Journal with Part/Supplement:

If a journal carries continuous pagination throughout the volume, then the issue number can be omitted.

Issue with Supplement:

[11]    Glauser TA. Integrating clinical trial data into clinical practice. Neurology. 2002: 58(12 Suppl 7); S6-12.

Volume with Part:

[12]    Abend SM, Kulish N. The psychoanalytic method from an epistemological viewpoint. Int J Psychoanal 2002: 83(Pt 2); 491-5.

Issue with Part:

[13]    Ahrar K, Madoff DC, Gupta S, Wallace MJ, Price RE, Wright KC. Development of a large animal model for lung tumors. J Vasc Interv Radiol 2002: 13(9 Pt 1); 923-8.


[14]    Pagedas AC, inventor; Ancel Surgical R&D Inc., assignee. Flexible endoscopic grasping and cutting device and positioning tool assembly. United States patent US 20020103498. 2002 Aug.


[15]    Citations for articles/material published exclusively online or in open access (free-to-view), must contain the exact Web addresses (URLs) at the end of the reference(s), except those posted on an author’s Web site unless editorially essential, e.g. ‘Reference: Available from: URL’.

Some important points to remember:

*        All references must be complete and accurate.

*        If the number of authors exceeds six then et al. will be used after three names (the term “et al.” should be in italics).

*        Online citations should include the date of access.

*        Journal abbreviations should follow the Index Medicus/MEDLINE.

*        Take special care of the punctuation convention as described in the above-mentioned examples.

*        Avoid using superscript in the in-text citations and reference section.

*        Abstracts, unpublished data and personal communications (which can only be included if prior permission has been obtained) should not be given in the reference section but they may be mentioned in the text and details provided as footnotes.

*        The authors are encouraged to use a recent version of EndNote (version 5 and above) or Reference Manager (version 10) when formatting their reference list, as this allows references to be automatically extracted.

• All illustrations should be provided in camera-ready form, suitable for reproduction (which may include reduction) without re-touching

• All illustration must be readable when reduced to a with of 75mm (Single column figure) or 160mm(double column figure)
• Photographs, Charts and diagrams are all to be referred to as “Figure(s)” and should be numbered consecutively in order to which they are referred. They should accompany the manuscript. but should not be included within the text.
• All illustrations should be clearly marked on the back with the figure number and the author’s name. All figures are required to have a caption. Captions should be supplied on a separate sheet.
• Line drawing: Good quality printouts on white paper produced in black ink are required. All lettering. Graphs lines and points on graphs should be sufficiently large and bold to permit reproduction when the diagram has been reduced to a size suitable for inclusion in the journal.Dye-line prints or photocopies are not suitable for reproduction. Do not use any type of shading on computer-generated illustrations.
• Photographs: Original photographs must be supplied as they are to be reproduced (e.g. black and white or colour).if necessary. A scale should be marked on the photograph. Please note that photocopies of photographs are not acceptable.
• Colour: Authors are required to pay for the preparation of colour.Apply to the Author Services at the Publisher for details of cost.

Tables: Tables should be numbered consecutively and each table typed on a separate sheet. Footnotes to tables should be typed below the tables and should be referred to by superscript lowercase letters. No vertical rules should be used Tables should not duplicate result presented elsewhere in the manuscript. ( graphy)


Proofs will be sent to the author (first named author if no corresponding author is identified of multi –authored papers) and should be returned within 48 hours of receipt. Corrections should be restricted to typesetting errors: any others may be charged to the author .Any queries should be answered in full. Please note that authors are urged to check their proofs carefully before return. Since the inclusion of late corrections cannot be guaranteed.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text in MS-Word file is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses) with Figures and Tables at the end or submitted as supplimentary data files.

    A separate PDF file should be submitted with all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.

Copyright Notice

1. Proposed Policy for Journals/Articles with Open Access

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
    1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.

  1. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post links to their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work

Proposed Policy for Journals / Manuscript with Paid Access

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
    1. Publisher retain copyright and grant the journal

  1. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post links to their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work .


Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.


ISSN: 1927-5129