An Overview of Mechanical Tests for Polymeric Biomaterial Scaffolds Used in Tissue Engineering

Oscar Robles Vazquez, Ignacio Orozco Avila, Juan C. Sánchez Díaz, Elena Hernandez

Abstract


Mechanical characterization of polymeric biomaterial scaffolds is essential to allow biomaterials that interface with tissues and tissue engineered constructs to be developed with appropriate mechanical strength. However, the fragility of these materials makes their mechanical characterization in a quantitative manner highly challenging. Here we report an overview of testing techniques for the characterization of mechanical properties of films, membranes, hydrogels and fibers commonly used as scaffolds in tissue engineering applications.

Keywords


Hydrogel, membrane, soft material, elastic modulus, rubber elasticity, uniaxial test, compression test.

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ISSN: 1929-5995