The Challenge of Climate Change to Rural Dwellers in Esanland

Authors

  • Temitope Peter Ola Bowen University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.6000/2371-1655.2018.04.05

Keywords:

Esanland, Climate Change, Development, Poverty, Governance.

Abstract

The study appraises the effects of climate change on rural dwellers in Esanland, Edo State, Nigeria. It investigates how the rural dwellers in Esanland perceive climate change. This is to deepen the understanding of the rural dwellers' awareness and vulnerability to climate change. The study uses primary and secondary data. Primary data is obtained through the administration of the structured questionnaire, conduct of in-depth interviews and field observation. The secondary data is sourced from textbooks, journals, conference proceedings, and publications of relevant government agencies. Descriptive method of data analysis is utilized to analyze the data. The results show that climate change has resulted in reduced soil fertility and food production; distorted the eco-system as well as induced health challenges among rural dwellers in Esanland. The study concludes that though there is a general awareness of climate change among rural dwellers in Esanland the area are still very much venerable to the adverse effects of climate change because of inadequate information, lack of finance among others.

References

Akubor, E.O. (1995). The Impact of Colonialism in Nigeria: A Case Study of Esan-Land, 1897-1960. Zaria: M.A. Thesis, History, Ahmadu Bello University.
Ejiogu, A. and Ejiogu, B. (2008). ‘Combating Climate Change for Sustainable Livelihood’, in Chinedu Nwajiuba (ed.). Climate Change and Adaptation in Nigeria. Hohenhein-Stuttgart: M Magraf Verlag.
Esan Central Local Government (2008). Local Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy (LEEDS), Irrua.
Esan North East Local Government (2008). Local Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy (LEEDS), Uromi.
Esan South East Local Government (2008). Local Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy (LEEDS), Ubiaja.
Esan West Local Government (2008). Local Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy (LEEDS), Ekpoma.
Fatuase, A. and Ajibefun, A. (2013). ‘Adaptation to Climate Change: A Case Study of Rural Farming Household in Ekiti State’.

Impacts World 2013, International Conference on Climate Change Effects, May 27–30.
GTZ/Ministry of Environment and Forestry (2011). Adaptation to Climate Change with a Focus on Rural Areas and India. Government of India, New Delhi.
Idrisa, Y.L., Ogunbamero, B.O. Ibrahim, A.A. and Bawa, D.B. (2012). ‘Analysis of Awareness and Adaptation to Climate Change among Farmers in the Sahel Savannah Agro-Ecological Zone of Borno State, Nigeria. British Journal of Environment and Climate Change, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 463-484
https://doi.org/10.9734/BJECC/2012/1475
Nzergbule, E. (2008). ‘Forestry Development and the Challenge of Climate Change and Adaptation’, in Chinedu Nwajiuba (ed.) Climate Change Adaptation in Nigeria. Hohenhein-Stuttgart: M Magraf Verlag.
Okali, D. (2004). Climate Change and Nigeria: A Guide for Policy Makers. Ibadan: NEST
Okoh, R. (2008). ‘Mainstreaming Gender Climate Change Impact Mitigation Policy Regime’, in Chinedu Nwajiuba (ed.) Climate Change Adaptation in Nigeria. Hohenhein-Stuttgart: M Magraf Verlag.
Omofonmwan, S.I. and Kadiri, M.A. (2007). The United Nations Development Agenda: Development for All. Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Accessed from www.un.org/esa/development/UNDA1 on 22/07/2018
Omorodion, F.I. (1993). Poverty Reduction and the Attainment of the MDGs in Nigeria: Problems and Prospects. International Journal of Politics and Good Governance, Vol. 2, No. 3, Quarter iii.
Onuoha, F.C. and Ezirim, G.E. (2010). Climate Change and National Security: Exploring the Conceptual and Empirical Connection in Nigeria. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa, Vol. 12, No. 4.
Ozor, N. (2009). Implication of Climate Change for National Development – The Way Forward. African Institute for Applied Economics, Enugu Forum Policy Paper 10, 2009.
Yahaya, K.A., Salam, M.O. and Bamigbade, D. (2011). Economic Implications of Climate Change and the Imperative of Re-Directing Financial Resources in Nigeria. British Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, Vol. 12, No. 2, pp. 10-17.

Downloads

Published

2018-12-31

Issue

Section

Articles