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Editor’s Choice : Red Dry Wine Modulates Plasma Cholesterol Levels and Cardiac Enzymes in Humans

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Red Dry Wine Modulates Plasma Cholesterol Levels and Cardiac Enzymes in Humans
Pages 15-19
Rogério Corrêa Peres, Rafael Hirata, Samuel Rangel Claudio, Taina Liz, Tamires Corrêa da Silva and Daniel Araki Ribeiro
Published: 28 August 2012Open Access

Abstract: Several studies has pointed that red wine diet, rich in polyphenols, has several effects like vasodilation, possible antioxidant effect, decrease of cellular events of atherosclerosis, decrease of blood pressure, and reduction of cardiovascular risks. This paper proposes an investigation of the effects of a 21 days diet of 200 ml dialy of red dry wine for markers of muscle injury such as CK and CK-MB, besides cholesterol and its fractions, LDL and HDL, and triglycerides, in normal subjects.The results showed decreased levels of plasma total cholesterol and LDL, and a tendency to increased levels of HDL, what suggests red dry wine has effects on decrease cardiovascular risks. However, significant increase of cardiac CK-MB isoenzyme was observed what could point to increase the oxidation of muscle tissues. It can be concluded that, despite the CK-MB increase, red dry wine can be considered as a tool to decrease cardiovascular diseases risks.

Keywords: Red Wine, Polyphenols, Cholesterol, CK-MB enzyme, Cardiovascular risks.
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