Abstract: Background: Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma (MPM) is a very rare and aggressive form of cancer. Recently it was found that pretreatment Serum Albumin (SA), the main circulating protein in blood is a significant prognostic factor for MPM patients. The objective of this present article is to show the relationship between pretreatment Serum albumin (SA) levels with the risk of MPM.
Methods: Generalized additive model (GAM), an advanced regression analysis method has been introduced here to find this mathematical relationship between the response variable (SA) and the cofactors.
Results: The main determinates of SA are identified - asbestos exposure, hemoglobin, disease diagnosis status (patients having MPM) are the factors having significant association with SA, whereas duration of asbestos exposure, duration of disease symptoms, total protein (TP), Pleural lactic dehydrogenise (PLD), pleural protein (PP), pleural glucose (PG) and C-reactive protein (CRP) are the significant continuous variables for SA. The non-parametric estimation part of this model shows Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and Glucose level are the significant smoothing terms. Additionally it is also found that, second and third order interactions between cofactors are highly significant for SA.
Conclusions: The findings of this present work can conclude that - serum albumin may play the role of a very significant prognostic factor for MPM disease and it has been established here through mathematical modeling. Few of the findings are already been exist in MPM research literature whereas some of the findings are completely new in the literature.
Keywords: Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma, Serum albumin, Gamma distribution, Generalized additive model, Probabilistic Modeling.