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Journal of Nutritional Therapeutics

Effects of Inoculants (Chlorobium limicola and Rhodopseudomonas palustris)on Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) Seedlings in Stimulating their Nutrient Uptake and Growth
Pages 64-67
Shao Shuang, Wang Dongdong and Zhu Dan

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.6000/1929-5634.2017.06.03.1

Published: 07 November 2017

 

Abstract: Rhizobacteria-containing biofertilizers are perfect tools to promote plant growth for the superiority of reducing environmental damages. Two strains of Chlorobium limicola and Rhodopseudomonas palustris were applied in the experiment as potential inoculants for cucumber seedlings. Significant enhancement in the availability of macronutrient elements N, P and K were observed in soils, and further improvement in theiruptake was also obtained in cucumberplants. Accumulation of essential micronutrients Fe and Zn were detected both in the roots and shoots. The two strains increased chlorophylland carotinoid synthesis, plant height, stem diameter, wet weight and dry weight. Various doses had significant effects on plant growth stimulation, C. Limicola with 107 cells mL-1 and R. Palustris with 108 cells mL-1 seem to be better on the whole. 

Keywords: Heritability, Growth traits, Correlation, Dhatti camel.

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Journal of Nutritional Therapeutics

Physicochemical and Sensory Properties of Ginger Spiced Yoghurt
Pages 68-74
Njoya Moyouwou Amadou, Ejoh Abah Richard, Nain Caroline Waingeh, Imele Hélène, Yakum Kelly Ndombowand Kuiate Jules-Roger

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.6000/1929-5634.2017.06.03.2

Published: 07 November 2017

 

Abstract: The physicochemical and sensory properties of ginger spiced yoghurt were investigated in the present study. Four yoghurt samples: A, B, C and D were prepared by addition of 0, 0.5, 1 and 1.5% (W/V) of ginger powder. Physicochemical properties of yoghurt samples determined at day 0 included pH, titratable acidity, dry matter, ash, fat and non-fat solid (NFS). The pH and titratable acidity were also evaluated during 30 days of storage at refrigerated conditions (4 – 6°C). The sensory attributes assessed were colour, odour, taste, texture and overall acceptability. From the results, ginger powder did not affect (P>0.05) the pH and titratable acidity of yoghurt but increased (P≤0.05) the dry matter, fat, NFS and ash content especially when spiced at 1% and 1.5% level. The spiced yoghurt did not show significant changes (P>0.05) in titratable acidityduring storage as opposed to the unspiced yoghurt that increased (P<0.05) with storage time. The pH values of spiced yoghurt were not significantly affected (P>0.05) by storage contrary to the unspiced yoghurt. At the end of storage, the unspiced yoghurt presented the lowest (P≤0.05) pH and the highest (P≤0.05) titratable acidity. Results of sensory evaluation revealed the low appreciation of the spiced yoghurt with an increase in the proportion of ginger powder. However, yoghurt with 0.5% ginger powder was appreciated equally (P>0.05) with the unspiced sample. Spicing yoghurt with ginger powder therefore has positive effect on its physicochemical properties and shelf –life. The yoghurt spiced with 0.5% ginger powder could therefore be recommended

Keywords: Yoghurt, ginger powder, physicochemical properties, sensory properties, storage.

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Journal of Nutritional Therapeutics

Hypercholesterolemia During Pregnancy is Caused by Increased Endogenous Cholesterol Synthesis: Let’s Use it for Screening of Familial Hypercholesterolemias Too! - Pages 79-83

Josef Hyánek, František Pehal, Ladislava Dubská, Blanka Míková, Lada Gombíková, Stanislav Kubů, Petra Haláčková, Jaroslav Feyreisl and Luděk Táborský

DOI: https://doi.org/10.6000/1929-5634.2017.06.04.1

Published: 4 January 2018

 

Abstract: Aims: To demonstrate the origin and the diagnostic significance of non-cholesterol sterols (NCSs) in healthy pregnant women with gestational hypercholesterolemia.

Patients and Methods: Based on a total of 21,000 clinical biochemistry tests of healthy pregnant women with hypercholesterolemia observed during pregnancy, a group of 84 women with TC (total cholesterol) >7.0 mmol/L was recruited to analyze their NCSs using Gas Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry. The NCSs under examination comprised lathosterol (Lat) and desmosterol (Des) as markers of endogenous cholesterol synthesis, and campesterol (Cam) and sitosterol (Sit) as markers for intestinal absorption.

Results: In the total of 21,000 pregnant women, the median values were: TC 6.8 mol/l, LDL-C 4.6 mmol/L, and HDL-C 2.2 mmol/L. In the testing group of 84 women, the average values were: Lat 7.8+/-1.7 μmol/L, Des 4.7+/-0.9 μmol/L, Cam 9.8+/-2.6 μmol/L, and Sit 9.6 +/-3.8 μmol/L. Lat was found to correlate with TC (r = 0.53), LDL-C (r = 0.36), and non-HDL-C (r = 0.35). No such correlations were observed for Sit (r = 0.162) or Cam (r = 0.153).

Conclusion: Our findings show that the high incidence of hypercholesterolemia during pregnancy is caused by increased endogenous cholesterol synthesis via lathosterol. The enormous rise of TC levels during pregnancy can be effectively used to detect familial hypercholesterolemia in women.

Keywords: Hypercholesterolemia during pregnancy, familial hypercholesterolemia, non-cholesterol sterols, lathosterol, desmosterol, campesterol, sitosterol.

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Journal of Nutritional Therapeutics

Effect of Lifestyle on Coronary Artery Disease in Patients Presenting at Doctors Hospital, Lahore
Pages 75-78
Seema Imdad, Farrakh Mehmood Alvi, Naheeda Kousar and Fatima Shuja

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.6000/1929-5634.2017.06.03.3

Published: 07 November 2017

 

Abstract: Objectives: To study the effect of lifestyle on coronary artery disease and to identify the strength of association between coronary artery disease and lifestyle factors among patients belonging to upper class of Lahore.

Method: Seventy-two cases and 72 controls were recruited using convenient purposive sampling technique. Dietary pattern, activity level and socio-demographic profile were assessed with well-designed interview questionnaire.

Results: According to statistical analysis of dietary factors, consumption of red meat, bakery products, restaurant food, fast food, soft drinks showed significant association with disease, whereas role of fruits and vegetables was found protective. Use of desi ghee had no significance in causing CAD in current study. Results of BMI and hip-waist ratio showed insignificance. Activity level was also insignificant while smoking and stress were significant. In socio demographic profile, sex of the respondents showed that 68.1% were male and 31.9% were females having CAD, so it was also statistically significant that heart diseases were more in males. Married individuals also showed significant result.

Conclusion: According to results, consumption of red meat, bakery products, restaurant food, fast food, soft drinks showed significant association with disease, whereas role of fruits and vegetables was found protective. Whole wheat, desi ghee had no significance in causing CAD in current study. Results of BMI and hip-waist ratio showed insignificance. Activity level was also insignificant while smoking and stress was found to be associated. In socio demographic profile male sex, married individuals showed significant relation with CAD. Education, family type and income had no relation with heart disease in this study.

Keywords: Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Cardiovascular disease (CVD) Life Style, Dietary factors, Food habits, BMI.

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Journal of Nutritional Therapeutics

The Toxic Effects of Low Molecular Weight Components of Cow Colostrums: The Short-Term and Long-Term Effects - Pages 84-91

A.I. Bozhkov, E.G. Ivanov, N.I. Kurguzova, Muhammad M.A. Alsardia, R.A. Akzhigitov, S.Ya. Baranikova, V.I. Potapova and A.S. Chuprikova

DOI: https://doi.org/10.6000/1929-5634.2017.06.04.2

Published: 4 January 2018

 

Abstract: Background:Low-molecular components of colostrum (LMWCC) have a pronounced biological activity. We investigated the effect of different doses of LMWCC (0.01, 0.1, 1 and 5 g/100 g of body weight) on the behavior, dynamics of growth, acute and chronic toxicity, as well as the relative weight of the liver, spleen and kidneys of the experimental animals.

Methods:We used 100 3-month male rats in the experiment. All animals were divided into 5 groups of 20 animals in each group, LMWCC was administered per os, and the control group received sterile water.

Results: LMWCC revealed no pirogenic effect in a wide diapason of doses (0,01-5 g/100 g of animal mass). Immediately after the LMWCC administration the short-time decrease in the motion activity was observed. The low doses of LMWCC induced diarrhea in 10-20 % of of animals, the super-large dose – in 75% of animals. The acute toxicity of LMWCC (death of 15 % of animals) was detected only in super-large dose of LMWCC and it was accompanied by pronounced diarrhea. LMWCC influenced the mass of liver, spleen and kidney. 60 days after LMWCC administration the mass of liver was restored to control weight, but the mass of spleen and kidney was not restored.

Conclusion: LMWCCdo not have chronic toxicity and can be attributed to non-toxic compounds with a possible side effect - a violation of the digestive system.

Keywords: Toxicity, Colostrum, Diarrhea.

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