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Journal of Advances in Management Sciences & Information Systems

Defining IT “Business Value” Under Conditions of Economic Uncertainty
Pages:
36-48Creative Commons License

Athanasios G. Giannopoulos

DOI: https://doi.org/10.6000/2371-1647.2017.03.04

Published: 02 May 2017


Abstract:Investment in Information Technology (IT) has typically been justified as playing a crucial role in assisting business and other Organisations in conducting their business in a more efficient and effective way. The implied “value” that results from such investments is known as “IT business value” and its definition and measurement under conditions of economic austerity and uncertainty is the main subject of this paper.

The question is why, under such conditions, many Organisations fail to realize the positive impacts expected from IT investment, which by itself is then rather scarce and difficult to attain. To answer this question we concentrate in this paper on the issues of IT business value measurement and more specifically we attempt to answer the research question of how best to define the “business value” of IT and what factors may affect it.

The paper first puts forward the main definitions used for both “IT” and “Business value” in the literature. It then goes on to present and critically examine the most prominent of the existing methodologies for measuring “IT Business value” again by resorting to a relevant literature search. Then, we examine the special influencing factors that are at work in times of economic austerity and uncertainty and puts forward a framework for analyzing IT Business value under conditions of economic austerity. This framework is presented in terms of its elements and a description of their main characteristics and measures (metrics). Finally, before the conclusions, a list of the critical success factors for IT investment is presented which is based on a previous published work of the author.

Keywords: Business value, Information Technology, economic austerity, IT, Information Systems.

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Journal of Advances in Management Sciences & Information Systems

Lattices Generated by Information Systems and their Internal Structure - Pages 1-7
Creative Commons License

Józef Winkowski

DOI: https://doi.org/10.6000/2371-1647.2018.04.01

Published: 10 May 2018 


Abstract: The paper exploits the fact that every information system generates a family of equivalence relations in the set of considered objects, and the corresponding family of partitions of this set, and that this family is a lattice with certain properties. It describes the internal structure of any lattice with such properties and shows that such a lattice is generated by an information system. 

Keywords: Object, attribute, information system, information lattice, coarsening, diamond, region.

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Journal of Advances in Management Sciences & Information Systems

Business Development Frameworks for Establishing Innovative Born-Global Firms in Nigeria and Sub-Sahara Africa
Pages:
9-26Creative Commons License

Patrick Oseloka Ezepueand Nonso Ochinanwata

DOI: https://doi.org/10.6000/2371-1647.2017.03.02

Published: 01 March 2017


Abstract: This conceptual paper explores different approaches for establishing born-global firms (BGFs) in developed and developing countries, with a special focus on Nigeria and Sub-Sahara Africa. It reviews the key constructs and frameworks that underpin new business development in born-global firms. Examples of these constructs are business development, dynamic capabilities, innovation, collaboration, entrepreneurship, and organisational learning. The research is important because of the relative lack of BGFs (Google, Amazon, Alibaba, and Facebook, for example) in Sub-Sahara Africa, compared to other parts of the world. Moreover, the frameworks for BGF new business development can be applied in subtly different ways in developed and developing country contexts. For example, BGFs in developed countries focus on niche products and services with breakthrough innovation, whilst those in developing countries, because of limited resources and capabilities, focus on underserved and mass markets, which do not require high level resources and capabilities. Realistic hypothetical examples of BGFs which directly underpin Nigerian and Sub-Sahara African higher education and economic development are used to illustrate the BGF business development constructs.

Keywords: Born global-firms, Worldhero 3E.com, Afrimarket.com, Business development, Innovation, Dynamic capabilities, Entrepreneurship, Higher education, Economic development.

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Journal of Advances in Management Sciences & Information Systems

Interactional Justice Moderated the Effect of Protestant Work Ethic on Social Loafing
Pages:
27-35Creative Commons License

Suchuan Zhang and Li Wang

DOI: https://doi.org/10.6000/2371-1647.2017.03.03

Published: 30 May 2017


Abstract: This study examined the relationship between Protestant work ethic and social loafing and whether interactional justice was a moderator of this linkage. Responses to the survey were analyzed using a sample of 406 from Shanxi province in China. The factor analysis indicated six dimensions of PWE, that is, admiration of work itself, success comes from hard work, work as an end, asceticism, ant-leisure, and internal control. Results showed that the dimensions of “Admiration of work itself” and “Ant-leisure” related significantly to social loading and interactional justice played a moderating role in the relationship between PWE and social loafing. The limitations and directions for future research are offered finally.

Keywords: Protestant work ethic, social loafing, interactional justice.

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Journal of Advances in Management Sciences & Information Systems

Impacts of Organizational Culture on Leadership’s Decision-Making
Pages:
1-8Creative Commons License

Akram Jalal

DOI: https://doi.org/10.6000/2371-1647.2017.03.01

Published: 13 February 2017
 


Abstract: Variances in cultural performances cause disagreement between team members.

The aim of this paper is to explore the influences of organisational multi-culture on leadership decision-making process.

Hypotheses were proposed to develop an appropriate conceptual research model. The data collection was accomplished using an online structured questionnaire survey with global respondents. 50 questionnaires were distributed and only 39 valid responds were returned.

Correlation and regression statistical analysis was applied to measure the relationships between independent variables: cultural diversity, communication, teamwork, learning and development, trust, obligation and cohesion, productive team work with dependent variable: leadership’s decision-making.

The findings show that leadership’s decision-making process was significantly influenced by organisational cultural diversity.

Keywords: Leadership, Cultural diversity, multi-cultural organization, decision-making.

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