Economic Growth and Stimulating Private Business Investment in Infrastructure by Assessing Its Need - Pages 2521-2526

Tatiana Palei, Elina Gurianova, Svetlana Mechtcheriakova and Marat Safiullin

DOI: https://doi.org/10.6000/1929-4409.2020.09.307

Published: 30 December 2020

Abstract: Global statistics indicate increasing in private investors’ activity. Instead of the debate about the growing infrastructure needs and adequacy of funding to meet, the more urgent is the search for more effective mechanisms to attract investment in infrastructure assets. The chief objective of the study is to analyze the demand for infrastructure services to ensure the activities of organizations forming the priority clusters in the region, made for orientation on the existing industry need in the infrastructure support plans formation, concerning the construction financing of transport and other Infrastructure on a parity basis for economic growth. It is determined that the quality of transport connections play a vital role. It was established, that in all studied clusters, there is a tendency to increase transport services demand. Given the results, the petrochemical cluster enterprisestrochemical cluster is ready to finance transport infrastructure from the profits (perhaps on a matching base state) to remove the constraints of its industrial growth. For marginal assessment of investments into the development of a transport complex efficiency, the regression model "investments - profit" is received. It is suggested that with the growth of the industry, its profit is increasing at a rapid pace, each additional ruble of investment brings higher returns.

Keywords: Infrastructure, demand, investment, industry, Economic Growth.



Economic Model for Assessing the Return on Investments in Structural Health Monitoring Systems - Pages 1188-1196

Ivan V. Devyatov, Sergei A. Iurgenson, Ivan A. Zharenov, Andrei A. Trutnenko and Dmitrii V. Tuev

DOI: https://doi.org/10.6000/1929-4409.2020.09.140

Published: 09 November 2020

Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of this article is the description of the approach to the economic assessment of a highly-effective system for state monitoring of structures ensuring an increase in safety and economic efficiency for utilization of complex engineering structures and buildings considering all existing risks.

Design/Methodology/Approach: The essence of the approach is in obtaining the state control data of these structures and buildings from sensors, which detect hidden damages and cracks, monitor consequences of shocks, corrosion, tension, and overheating.

Findings: All the collected data make up the predictive analysis using artificial intelligence, which can and must analyze this data in real-time mode.

Practical Implications: Such a way for monitoring allows for assessing the state of the structures and repairing or replacing them before the critical moments occur, thus significantly reducing the cost of servicing data from complex engineering objects, as well as it ensures their reliability and safety. Digitalization should be introduced in all of the industrial sectors, including aviation, where effectiveness, reliability, and safety are closely interconnected.

Originality/Value: Thanks to the development of the state monitoring systems and the economic efficiency of their use in critical structures, the possibility, and intensiveness of their improvement are growing. This has great value and pushes modern productions forward.

Keywords: Operation of aviation equipment, construction facilities, economical efficiency, product lifecycle cost, condition-based operation, structural health monitoring systems.



Economic Problems of the Leading Russian National Newspapers: Information Priorities and Language Specificity - Pages 1016-1018

Ilgam Failevich Fattakhov and Ramis Rassyhovich Gazizov

DOI: https://doi.org/10.6000/1929-4409.2020.09.111

Published: 09 November 2020

Abstract: It contains the results of a study devoted to determining the role and place of economic topics in the largest federal publications in Russia. The range of issues covered in this area is wide, and reflects global and national trends, and the economy has a prominent place in the structure of publications. The study focuses on the definition of economically oriented content of publications: Rossiyskaya Gazeta and Izvestia. The authors pay attention to both structural (heading of printed elements, site navigation), and content elements (problems, language and stylistic features). The most characteristic materials on various aspects of the economy are analyzed. The increasing role of the economy, crisis in this area lead to increased demand for the mass audience in the news in this area.

Keywords: Economics, finance, business, Izvestia newspaper, Rossiyskaya Gazeta, economics in the media.



Economic Networking as Implied in Property Law: Certain Aspects - Pages 625-632

Ksenia Michailovna Belikova

DOI: https://doi.org/10.6000/1929-4409.2020.09.60

Published: 01 October 2020

Abstract: The present paper outlines the current stage in the development of traditional approaches in the field of property law and the relevant legislation and practice in Russia. Some results and tendencies of adapting traditional approaches to the realities of the new time are introduced. The author shows a gradual shift from the concept of property form toward the concept of property regime based on the actual move away from the property holders themselves to the rights that such holders enjoy. The present paper highlights the economic reasons for this state of affairs. It has also been revealed that the method of appropriation of information leads to the changes in the area of property defined, given the parties involved, as state property concerns its definition as communal and public. As a result, a property network regime for information has been formed according to the information available in the network (from inaccessible and restricted to commercial or generally accessible). The author explains the reasons for more complicated property relations and evolving ownership rights for both tangible and digital objects. It has been established that the spare potential of property interpretation in terms of its regimes is significant; thus, it requires further analysis. It is worth highlighting those property regimes and forms as mobile and variable. This paper states that the ethical problem of justice that arises in the context of the effectiveness and the possibility of traditional forms of property, especially private property, contributes to the reassignment of property functions that fit property regimes. This paper provides up-to-date scientific information on Russian legislation and the doctrine/research works (books, articles, etc.), as well as other ideas in the relevant field; the paper contributes to the understanding of the practical and legislative gap (or its absence) in Russian and foreign research results and implications.

Keywords: Network economy, ownership, Russia, property, ownership forms and regimes, network regimes of property, digital objects.



Editorial: Adjustment of Learners’ Violent Behaviour in a School Context
Pages i88x31

Petro van der Merwe

Published: 25 May 2016


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