Characteristics of Cyberaggression among College Student Minorities: Exploring Pervasiveness and Impact through Mixed-Methods
Pages 192-204

Creative Commons LicenseTimothy Oblad, Elizabeth Trejos-Castillo and Elizabeth Massengale

DOI: https://doi.org/10.6000/1929-4409.2017.06.21

Published: 03 November 2017

Abstract: Despite proximity to researchers, minority college students have not been well represented in cyber-aggressive studies. The present cross-cultural study uses mixed-methods to better understand how emerging adults are impacted from cyberbullying experiences (victims and/or bullies). All students (N=1,110) were between 18-25 years (m=20.5) with close to 50% being Hispanic (N=532). Results indicate self-control and self-esteem are important predictors in cyberbullying involvement, particularly among Hispanic cybervictims. Depression and suicidal ideation also served as significant predictors in involvement for cybervictimization. Through open-ended and coded responses, several themes emerged, such as being unable to focus on academics, avoiding individuals or groups because of victimization, low self-esteem, and loss of trust. Results and implications are discussed as well as recommendations for future research.

Keywords: Cyberbullying, Cyberagression, Communication violence, Suicidal ideation, Mixed-methods.



Characteristics of Victims in Child Sexual Abuse Cases in Southern Provinces and Cities of Vietnam and Prevention Solutions - Pages 129-134 
Le Van Thieu

DOI: https://doi.org/10.6000/1929-4409.2019.08.13

Published: 30 October 2019

Abstract: The right to protection of human life, health, dignity and honor is the sacred and noble right, recognized in the Constitution and protected by the Vietnamese Criminal law. However, in the pass years, the situation of crimes of sexual assault including child sexual abuse in Southern provinces and cities which are 32 provinces and cities from Da Nang to Ca Mau has been complicated both in number and nature of activities. In this paper, the author intends to investigate the criminal situation, characteristics of victims in child sexual abuse cases, legal framework of prevention measures, as well as some recommendations for Vietnam.

Keywords: Characteristic, victim, child sexual abuse, prevent, Vietnam.



Citizen Opinion Survey: How a Mid-Sized California Community Perceives their Police Department - Pages 239-249
Robert Werling, Sriram Chintakrindi, Nicholas Clark, Gregory Morris, Mark Perry, Blake Randol

DOI: https://doi.org/10.6000/1929-4409.2018.07.17

Published: 30 August 2018

Abstract: Successful community policing is, in part, dependent on the community’s perception of their police officers. The police department of a mid-sized community in California’s Central Valley conducted a survey to gain some measure of the citizen’s perception of their police. The survey was conducted in conjunction with a nearby California State University. The results of the survey are being used to make revisions in the policies and procedures of the police department. It also proved to be an interesting activity for the professors and students of the university.

Keywords: Survey, police, community perception, research partnership, canvassing a community.



Children as Victims of Forced Marriages in Lesotho: A Question of Cultural Practice or Approval of Child Exploitation - Pages 723-734

Precious Mosa Likoti and Ephraim Kevin Sibanyoni

DOI: https://doi.org/10.6000/1929-4409.2020.09.68

Published: 01 October 2020

Abstract: This study focuses on the experiences of children as victims of abduction into forced child marriage in Lesotho. The study pays attention to children living in the rural area of Semonkong, where patterns of abduction into forced marriage are common. The objectives were, to explore factors that contribute to incidents of a child forced marriages, to determine the effects of a child forced into marriages. The study used a qualitative research method. A sample of 10 participants (all women aged 21-51) from the Semonkong area in Lesotho were sampled using Snowball sampling. In-depth interviews were used to collect data and were analyzed thematically. The findings: families use cultural practice as a means to exact power and authority to exploit children to escape poverty. Most girls were abducted without their consent, threatened, and were continuously violated in their marriages. They experienced damaging and degrading psychological effects from abduction but more so in their marriages. They endure all sorts of abuse and never reported the incident to the police. Recommendations: Preventing forced child marriage requires strengthened legal and policy frameworks, to ensure increased awareness and greater enforcement of existing laws.

Keywords: Abduction, crime, victim, children, forced marriage, victimization.



Climate Change Attitudes, Beliefs and Intentions Among Young Adults In an Institution of Higher Learning: Does Personality Matter?  - Pages 446-455 
Ilevbare Femi Monday and Idemudia Erhabor Sunday

DOI: https://doi.org/10.6000/1929-4409.2020.09.43

Published: 21 September 2020

Abstract: The present article is concerned with the relationships between personality traits and climate change attitudes, beliefs and intentions. This was done to determine the relationship that exists between personality traits and attitudes, beliefs and intentions towards climate change issues. A descriptive survey design was used in conducting this study. The sample comprised 203 undergraduate students (116 males and 87 females) selected from various Faculties in Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Convenience sampling technique was used to collect data from the respondents. Their age ranged from 15 to 35 years (M=23.6; SD=5.2). The Big Five Personality Inventory (BFPI) and the Climate Change Attitude Survey (CCAS) were used to collect data from participants. Results revealed that the vast majority of participants agree or strongly agree that human activities cause global climate change. (46% and 37.4% respectively). Furthermore, the results showed that there is a significant influence of personality dimensions on climate change attitudes, beliefs and intentions ({F (5,195) =20.327, p<.05, R²=.326}). Also, there is no significant difference between undergraduates in science faculties and non-science related faculties on attitudes, beliefs and intention towards climate change ({t (198) =-.827, p>. 05). The study concluded that personality traits are determinants of climate change attitudes, beliefs and intentions among undergraduates in the study area. The outcome of this study has implications for policy-making in the areas of capacity building and climate change education in institutions of higher learning.

Keywords: Climate change, Attitudes, Beliefs, Intention, Personality, Institution of higher learning.