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Formate-Free Metal-Organic Decomposition Inks of Copper Particles and Self-Reductive Copper Complex for the Fabrication of Conductive Copper Films

Yuki Kawaguchi, Ryuichi Arakawa and Hideya Kawasaki

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.6000/2369-3355.2016.03.02.2

Published: 13 October 2016

 

Abstract: Metal-organic decomposition (MOD) inks have been developed for printed electronics applications. Cu-based MOD inks prevent the oxidation of the metal during storage, as the Cu is already present in an oxidized form (i.e. a salt). However, usually hazardous formates such as Cu (II) formate have to be used as the copper salt in order to ensure thermal decomposition and self-reduction of the metal salt at moderate temperatures (less than 150 °C). In this study, a formate-free hybrid ink containing copper particles and a Cu/1-amino-2-propanol (AmIP)/acetate complex was developed for the fabrication of conductive copper films on flexible polymer substrates at low sintering temperatures. A hybrid ink with a weight ratio of 3:1copper particles to MOD ink produced a conductive copper film with close-packed copper particles and a low resistance of 7.3×10⁻5Ω cm after sintering at a temperature of 180 °C for 60 min under a N2 gas flow. Good oxidation resistance of the copper films was observed after exposure to air at 23 °C for two months.

Keywords: Metal-organic decomposition ink, Electrical conductivity, Sintering.

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